The Parliamentary Democracy in Pakistan: 2002-2018


  • Muhammad Saleem Qazi Bahaudin Zakaria University Multan, Pakistan.
  • Javed Akhtar Bahaudin Zakaria University Multan, Pakistan.



Democracy, Legislative Body, Constitution, Political Liberty, Democratization


Democracy is widely acknowledged as the preeminent political system in contemporary society. Countries that have successfully implemented a robust democratic system and demonstrate a high regard for their parliamentary institutions are thriving globally. The fundamental components of a democratic system encompass a legislative body, a judiciary that operates autonomously, and an effective executive branch. It is imperative that these three institutions operate within their designated spheres of authority and adhere to the principles outlined in the constitution. In addition, elections that are free from manipulation serve as the fundamental mechanism for guaranteeing the adequate representation of the populace. The democratic system ensures the protection of the well-being of individuals during the legislative process. Pakistan adopted a democratic system of governance within its borders. The Pakistani populace and its political representatives have significantly contributed to the process of democratization. The constitutional history of Pakistan has been marked by the interference of both military and civilian dictators, which has hindered the development of the country's democratic and parliamentary culture. Indeed, it is evident that the prevailing consensus has consistently exhibited a favorable disposition towards military governance, while concurrently acknowledging the recurrent interference of the military in impeding the advancement of civilian-led administrations. This research aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the performance of the Pakistan parliament between 2002 and 2018, with the objective of enhancing democratic processes. This thesis examines the role of democracy and assesses the various factors that have undermined the essence of democracy in Pakistan. Additionally, it provides several recommendations to enhance parliamentary democracy in the country.


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Author Biographies

Muhammad Saleem Qazi, Bahaudin Zakaria University Multan, Pakistan.

Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Pakistan Studies

Javed Akhtar, Bahaudin Zakaria University Multan, Pakistan.

Professor, Pakistan Study Centre




How to Cite

Qazi, M. S., & Akhtar, J. (2024). The Parliamentary Democracy in Pakistan: 2002-2018. Pakistan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 12(2), 1385–1392.