Assessing Xi Jinping's Vision of Modernization and its Implications for Global Trade Dynamics: A Case Study of the Belt and Road Initiative


  • Asif Khan Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
  • Shi Congmei Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
  • Fayyaz Ali University of Science and Technology Bannu, Pakistan.



Globalization, Modernization, Xi Jinping's Vision, BRI


Globalization has emerged as a driving force reshaping China's economic, social, and political landscape. This paper aims to dissect the multifaceted impacts of globalization on Chinese society and political culture, specifically focusing on how Xi Jinping's vision of modernization intersects with these transformative dynamics. The synthesis of global influences and local ideologies has triggered profound shifts across various dimensions, including ideological synthesis, socioeconomic restructuring, technological evolution, governance paradigms, diplomatic engagements, and cultural identity. Drawing from a blend of scholarly perspectives, the research delves into the intricate relationship between globalization and China's political culture. It highlights the convergence of global ideas and traditional philosophies, which have catalyzed an evolving political ideology in China. Economically, globalization has facilitated market liberalization, foreign investments, and socioeconomic transformations, necessitating a recalibration of societal structures and aspirations. Moreover, the digital age has democratized communication channels, challenging established political hierarchies and fostering an evolving public discourse. Furthermore, the paper examines China's participation in global networks, emphasizing the consequential adaptations in governance, diplomacy, and the evolving narrative of Chinese identity on the global stage. Additionally, the study explores the intersection of globalization, economic interdependence, and information technology, highlighting their role as catalysts for China's evolving socio-political landscape. Ultimately, this research underscores the significance of understanding the intricate interplay between globalization, Xi Jinping's modernization vision, and the ensuing transformations within Chinese political culture. It serves as a critical lens through which policymakers, scholars, and global stakeholders can comprehend China's evolving trajectory. It offers insights into future scenarios, including the prospect of a more democratic political system within China's global interactions.


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Author Biographies

Asif Khan, Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Ph.D. Scholar, School of Political Science and Public Administration

Shi Congmei, Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Professor, School of Political Science and Public Administration

Fayyaz Ali, University of Science and Technology Bannu, Pakistan.

Assistant Professor/Chairman, Department of Political Science




How to Cite

Khan, A., Congmei, S., & Ali, F. (2024). Assessing Xi Jinping’s Vision of Modernization and its Implications for Global Trade Dynamics: A Case Study of the Belt and Road Initiative. Pakistan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 12(1), 106–126.