Factor Affecting Workplace Crime: Role of Organizational Policies, Employment Law, and Employee Perceived Consequences in Saudi Arabia


  • M Asghar Mughal Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Usman Aleem Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Mujtaba Hussain Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Rashid Khanzada Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan.




Employment Law, Perceived Consequences, Organizational Policies, Workplace Crime, Saudi Arabia


The influence of organizational rules, employment law, as well as employee perceptions of repercussions on workplace crime in Saudi Arabian enterprises was investigated through quantitative survey-based research. A sample of 500 employees from various industries in Saudi Arabia completed a survey measuring their perceptions of their engagement in workplace crime. The researchers used the cross-sectional research design, quantitative research approach, and Partial Least Square (PLS)-Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique for measurement and structural model. The structural model results indicate that organizational policies, employees' perceived consequences, and employment law were negatively associated with workplace crime. Such findings highlighted the importance of comprehensive policies and procedures for preventing workplace crime compliance with employment law regulations, and creating a culture of deterrence to prevent workplace crime in Saudi Arabian companies. The study has implications for both companies and law enforcement agencies in Saudi Arabia. Moreover, the findings deal with visions for companies functioning in Saudi Arabia, empowering them to progress and appliance active strategies for avoiding workstation crime. This is particularly crucial for maintaining a safe and secure working environment. Suggests avenues for future research on workplace crime prevention. The research limitations and future directions are also discussed at the end of the study.


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Author Biographies

M Asghar Mughal, Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan.

Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences

Usman Aleem, Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan.

Senior Assistant Professor, Department of Business Studies

Mujtaba Hussain, Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Business Studies

Rashid Khanzada, Bahria University Karachi, Pakistan.

Deputy Director Examination




How to Cite

Mughal, M. A., Aleem, U., Hussain, M., & Khanzada, R. (2024). Factor Affecting Workplace Crime: Role of Organizational Policies, Employment Law, and Employee Perceived Consequences in Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 12(2), 1336–1347. https://doi.org/10.52131/pjhss.2024.v12i2.1886