Exploring Study of Magnetic and Electrical Properties of Tl3+ Doped Co0.5Ni0.5Fe2O4 Spinel Ferrites
Keywords:Sol-Gel Auto Combustion, Spinel Ferrites, X-Ray Diffraction, Magnetic Susceptibility, Dielectric Properties, Resistivity
Co0.5Ni0.5Fe2-xTlxO4 (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, and 0.2) spinel ferrites were prepared via the sol-gel technique. The XRD analysis revealed a single-phase spinel structure. The lattice constant ‘a’ increased from 8.223-8.269Å with doping of Tl+3 due to larger ionic radii of Tl+3 than Fe+3 ions. The mass susceptibility at 300K decreased from 7.46 x 10-3-4.15 x 10-3 cm3/g due tothe weakening of AB interactions followed by a decrease in Curie temperature from 453K to 408K. The electrical permittivity follows the Maxwell-Wagner model and Koop’s theory. The dc resistivity of ferrites at 300K increased from 1.82x109-9.23x109 ?-cm with increasing Tl+3 contents due to increased hopping lengths. The activation energy obtained from Arrhenius plots increased from 0.126 to 0.131eV, increasing Tl+3contents
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Copyright (c) 2023 Touseef Ahmad, M. U. Islam, I.H Gul, Mutawara Mahmood Baig, M. Ajmal
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