iRASD Journal of Politics and International Relations (JPIR) welcomes online article submissions and does not charge any article processing charges (APC) that cover the range of publishing services we provide. This includes the provision of online tools for editors and authors, article production and hosting, liaison with abstracting and indexing services, and customer services. All articles published in iRASD JPIR are open access and freely available online, immediately upon publication. As iRASD JPIR does not charge APC therefore, the cost of all the above-mentioned services is covered by International Research Association for Sustainable Development (iRASD). Moreover, iRASD JPIR is independently and voluntarily managed by the Editorial Board on an honorary basis whose members are faculty members from renowned institutions of the world.